From the Thirty Years War to the ancient civilisation of Iran, from Anglo-American rivalries in the desert to the persecution of indigenous peoples, historians select their favourite books of the past year.
David Grann’s Killers of the Flower Moon: The Osage Murders and the Making of the FBI (Vintage) is beautifully written, a snapshot of the US in the 1920s very different from the gilded world of F. Scott Fitzgerald. After being relocated to barren land, the Osage Native Americans discovered huge reserves of oil on their patch of Oklahoma and became so rich they replaced their Cadillacs when a tyre went flat. Greedy whites did not like it and many of them met mysterious deaths. Attempts to get to the truth were stymied by the police, the pathologists and the courts until an agent from the newly founded FBI arrived on the scene. Serhii Plokhii’s Lost Kingdom: the Quest for Empire and the Making of the Russian Nation from 1470 to the Present (Harvard) is essential to anyone wanting to understand the current conflict in Ukraine. It is also a rich account of Russia’s – and Vladimir Putin’s – sense of cultural and religious superiority.
Michael Burleigh is author of The Best of Times, the Worst of Times: a History of the Present (Macmillan, 2017).
Among the books published on the 400th anniversary of the outbreak of the Thirty Years War, Hans Medick’s Der Dreissigjährige Krieg: Zeugnisse vom Leben mit Gewalt (The Thirty Years War: Testimonies to Living with Violence – Wallstein) stands out. In a field dominated by master narratives of political and military history, Medick offers an account of the conflict built around ordinary people, which gives colour and texture to discussions of the war and its place in German history and memory. A collection edited by Neil Gregor and Thomas Irvine, Dreams of Germany: Musical Imaginaries from the Concert Hall to the Dance Floor (Berghahn) offers an impressive range of perspectives: from Wagner reception in Meiji Restoration Japan via concert-going in early 20th-century Frankfurt to queer club culture in contemporary Berlin. Like Medick, the editors are concerned with the memories of violence that pervade German history.
Bridget Heal is author of A Magnificent Faith: Art and Identity in Lutheran Germany(Oxford, 2017).
I greatly enjoyed Abbas Amanat’s Iran: A Modern History (Yale), a magisterial account of Iran from 1501 until (more or less) the present day. Amanat has done a wonderful job to shine light onto the past of an extraordinary country – and civilisation – whose future is as important as its past. I also loved Kassia St Clair’s The Golden Thread: How Fabric Changed History (John Murray) as well as Lucy Inglis’ Milk of Paradise: A History of Opium (Pan Macmillan). Both of these remarkable books achieve exactly what they set out to do, tracing histories of the world through textiles and opium respectively. Both are hugely ambitious, sparklingly erudite and wonderfully engaging.
Peter Frankopan is Professor of Global History at the University of Oxford. His latest book is The New Silk Roads: the Present and Future of the World (Bloomsbury, 2018).
The most stimulating book I’ve read this year has been John Blair’s Building Anglo-Saxon England (Princeton). This magnificent work draws together a wealth of archaeological, artistic and written evidence to offer a new picture of the inhabited landscapes of early medieval England: a complex world of towns and farms, great halls and holy places, all brought to life in astonishing detail. It is a world in some ways familiar, helping to shape the English landscape as we still see it today; and yet also deeply and tantalisingly unfamiliar, a society in which even the grandest human dwellings were made of organic and transient materials while permanence was reserved for immortal beings alone. Beautifully written and generously illustrated, this book is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand how the Anglo-Saxons saw and interacted with the places in which they lived.
Eleanor Parker is the author of Dragon Lords: the History and Legends of Viking England (I.B. Tauris, 2018).
The discovery of a perfectly preserved 2,400-year-old ship advances research into seafaring and trade in ancient Greece. The ship resembles that on the British Museum’s red-figure stamnos, the Siren Vase, which shows Odysseus strapped to its mast, so as to resist the songs of the Sirens. This story comes from Homer’s The Odyssey, a fabulous new translation of which Emily Wilson has provided (W.W. Norton). An accessible and authoritative reading of the first great story of the western canon, it not only matches the number of lines of the original, but also its drama, musicality and pace. Why Does Michelangelo Matter? is the title of a book of essays by Theodore K. Rabb (SPOSS). Drawing on examples from the past 500 years, he argues for the importance of visual evidence and analysis to enhance the historian’s armoury. An eminently enjoyable, provocative read.
Philippa Joseph is an art history tutor at Oxford University’s Department for Continuing Education and former reviews editor of History Today.
Gabriel Reynolds’ The Qur’an & the Bible (Yale) fills a gaping hole to revelatory effect. By providing a commentary on the Qur’an that focuses on its debt to biblical texts and traditions, it contributes hugely to the ongoing project of anchoring the qur’anic texts to the bedrock of late antiquity. The impossibility of understanding the Qur’an’s origins without reference to the context provided by Jewish and Christian scripture has never been more painstakingly demonstrated. I also admired and appreciated John Blair’s Building Anglo-Saxon England(Princeton), which provides a cutting-edge survey of how England came literally to be built. Beautifully illustrated and possessed of a panoramic sweep, it integrates archaeology, topography and textual studies to ground-breaking effect. The origins and early history of places across England are brought alive as rarely before. Anyone who has to make long cross-country drives during the festive period should be sure to pack it.
Tom Holland’s Dominion: The Christian Revolution and its Aftershocks will be published by Little, Brown in 2019.